Origin of Qinhuangdao
In 215 BC, Qin Shi Huang, the Fist Emperor in Chinese
History, came here on his tour of the east, and sent people to the
sea in search of medicine for immortality. Here he also engraved
his “Poetry of Jieshimen”. That is how Qinhuangdao got its name.
Located in the northeast of Hebei Province, with Liaoning to
the east, Beijing and Tianjin to the west, Mt. Yanshan to the north
and the Bohai Sea to the south, Qinhuangdao is a meeting place
for the two economic areas of Northeast China and North China.
It’s also the center of the Circum-Bohai-Sea Economic Circle. 280
km away from Beijing, and 220 km from Tianjin, it is a national
historical and cultural city, and the sole “zero-distance” coastal city
in Hebei Province, known as the “Great Wall Coastal Park” and
“Back Garden of Beijing and Tianjin”. It is a bright pearl on the
crown of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Economic Circle.
Administration Divisions and Population
Qinhuangdao consists of four urban districts—Haigang,
Beidaihe, Shanhaiguan, and Funing, as well as the three counties
of Changli, Lulong, Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County. In
addition, the Qinhuangdao Economic & Technological Development
Zone and Beidaihe New District are under its jurisdiction. The
land area is 7,802 square kilometers; the sea area is 1,805 square
kilometers; the coastline is 162.7 kilometers long; and the population
is 3,314,200. There are 45 ethnic groups including Han, Manchu,
Hui, Korean, Mongolian, and Zhuang, among others. The minority
population mainly live in Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County.
Xihenan Village in Funing District is the only Korean ethnic
community in Hebei Province.
As an important node city for the coordinated development
of Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei in general, Qinhuangdao has a
convenient and smooth transportation network. Six railways
(Jinqin, Jingshan, Jingqin, Daqin, Qinshen, and Shenshan), and
three expressways (Jingha, Yanhai and Chengqin) intersect here.
The Beijing-Tangshan-Qinhuangdao intercity rail, which is under
construction, will bring Qinhuangdao into the “1-hour” Economic
Circle of Beijing-Tianjin-Qinhuangdao. As the main hub port of
China's North-to-South Coal Transportation, the shipping business
of Qinhuangdao Port reaches more than 130 countries and regions,
and has opened international routes to Incheon, South Korea, Kanto,
Japan, Davao, Philippines, and the International Ship-rail Container
Route of Korea-China-Mongolia. The forthcoming international
tourist port will achieve the transformation and development
of a century-old commercial port into multiple uses. Beidaihe
International Airport also has a number of domestic routes, such as
Shanghai, Shenzhen, Harbin, and Nanjing.
The climate of Qinhuangdao is temperate and semi-humid
continental monsoon. Due to the influence of the ocean, the spring
is less rainy and dry, the summer is warm without intense heat, the
autumn is cool and sunny, and the winter is long without severe
cold. The average annual temperature is 11.1 ° C, with an average
maximum of 15.9 ° C, an average minimum of 7.0 ° C, and an
average annual precipitation of 602.1 mm.
Products and Resources
The mountains and sea are productive in Qinhuangdao. Lulong
County is called the “Hometown of Sweet Potatoes in China”,
the “Wine Grape Base County in China”, and the “Hometown of
Walnuts in China”. Changli County is known as the “Hometown
of Grapes in China”; Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County as
the “Hometown of Apples in China” , Shanhaiguan District as the
“Hometown of Cherries in China”, and Chapeng Town of Funing
District as the “Hometown of Tomatoes in China”.
Local specialties that are well-known here and abroad
include Jingdong chestnut, Shimen walnuts, muscat grapes,
peaches, wild kiwi, and bitter almonds. The local wild vegetables
and precious Chinese medical herbs, such as daylily, agaric,
aquilinum, scutellaria, platycodon, milkwort, and atractylodes,
are also renowned. Seafood is abundant, including shrimp, squid,
meretrix, clams, portunus trituberculatus, red clip, red sea crab,
mantis shrimp, metapenaeus ensis, and Penaeus japonicus. Among
them, “Bohai Prawn” is one of the “Eight treasures of seafood”
and enjoys a high reputation in the international market. Fifty-six
kinds of useful mineral resources have been found in Qinhuangdao.
The average annual water resource is 1.571 billion cubic meters,
making it one of the cities with the most abundant water resources
in northern China.